Inventions are one of the major developments of modern times. They have changed the way we live by giving us various new and useful tools and equipment. However, there have been many different types of inventions in the past. One such example is the discovery of fire. Other inventions include the telephone, radio, television, steamboat, engine, bow, bullet, sewing machine, bicycle, motorboat, aircraft, air-plane, bicycle, rocking horse, yo-yo, vacuum cleaner, chandelier, television set, radio waves, telephones, radio waves, phonograph, cuckoo clock and electric telegraph.
An invention is simply a novel or unique technique, material, substance or formulation. The invention procedure is a creative process in an overall technological development and product improvement process. It can be an innovation for making an entirely new device or an improvement on an already existing machine or product or even a result of applying science.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) keep a record of all patents granted in the country. The USPTO database contains a list of 725 patented inventions by individuals or groups of persons and also includes the particulars of their assignee, patent description, claims raised, claims granted, and country of application. The inventions can be divided further into logical and physical inventions. A physical invention implies something made up of material substances, while a logical invention implies something intangible or non-material. In addition, both conceptual and practical inventions are included in the record.
There are two categories of inventions namely mechanical and chemical. One can find many mechanical and chemical inventions in the record. Most of the drugs have been patented as medicines. Almost all the important inventions of the past century and still in use today were discovered by the inventors themselves. Almost all the great discoveries made by the inventors were protected by patent laws.
The inventors have to submit the original text of their inventions along with the drawings or models and by other supporting material. The original texts have to be novel and so must consist of a working method, process, design, manufacture, and other important details about how the invention works. Along with the other information submitted under the PTO records section, the inventors or their representatives also have to submit copies of prior art including newspaper articles, magazine articles, pamphlets, patent applications, telegrams, letters, publications, and other printed matter. These copies are required to be given a claimed date by the applicant. Thus the invention concept has to be original and clearly describe the invention.
Once the inventor files the patent application with the USPTO, it becomes the sole property of the USPTO. Therefore, the inventor cannot transfer the rights or ownership of the inventions to any third parties. Once the inventor files the patent application, he no longer has to share the inventions with anybody else. All inventions become the sole property of the inventor. But some inventions may be transferred to the assignee, if the inventor dies before achieving his death benefit.